Catherine Christo, Ph.D., LEP

Christo Educational Consulting


Learning disabilities is a term that describes brain based conditions that affect a person’s ability to be successful at common learning tasks such as speaking, listening, reading, writing, or doing math calculations.  Children and adults with specific learning disabilities have a brain based difference that affects their ability to learn.  These differences are not the same across the learning disabled population. Some persons may have problems with recalling information while others may have difficulty processing more than a few pieces of information at one time.

The causes of learning problems and their effect on the learning process are unique to each individual.  What is common to these learning problems is that they are unexpected given functioning in other areas: children with learning disabilities tend to show a profile of strengths and weaknesses across both their cognitive abilities and academic performance. Additionally, learning disabilities can impact students in different ways depending on environmental factors (instruction, support) and the presence or absence of other handicapping conditions.